Skip to Content

School of Education

Professor Keith Crawford

Educ - keith_crawford imageTitle: Adjunct Professor of Education
Fax: 02 9850 8674
Office: C3A 902



Prior to beginning his career in higher education Professor Crawford taught in UK primary, middle and high schools for fourteen years specializing in history education and social studies education before moving into teacher education at Edge Hill University, UK. At Edge Hill he taught within the Faculty of Education and the Department of Social and Psychological Sciences where he was Reader in Education and then Professor of Education, taught courses within education studies programmes and supervised postgraduate research. While teaching Professor Crawford completed his masters by research and his doctorate in the social construction of the school curriculum. Professor Crawford was Professor of Education in the School of Education at Newcastle University where he taught on and coordinated courses in the sociology of education and supervised under-graduate research projects as well as postgraduate doctoral theses. Outside university life Professor Crawford is a dedicated follower of the 'world game', as well as enjoying watching cricket and rugby union he reads vociferously and enjoys music, cinema and theatre.

Research Interests

Professor Crawford's research interests focus upon the historical and sociological studies of curriculum construction; history education, values and citizenship education within an international and comparative context and international school textbook analysis, from ideological and pedagogical perspectives within the context of the history and citizenship curriculum. Professor Crawford is particularly interested in inter-disciplinary work that draws upon the traditions and methodologies of sociology, history, the political sciences, ideological, political and socio-cultural perspectives on schools and school contexts. His current work focuses upon the social construction of national identity mediated through school history, geography and civic textbooks, school magazines and newspapers in Australia and the United Kingdom.

Community Outreach

In 2002 Professor Crawford was visiting tutor at the Georg-Eckert-Institut fur internationale Schulbuchforschung, Braunschweig and in 2004 was awarded the Robert-Herman Tenbrock Scholarship by the Georg-Eckert-Institut fur Internationale Schulbuchforschung. From October 2004 - March 2005 Professor Crawford was visiting scholar at the University of Nagoya, Japan working within the Centre for Studies in Higher Education and collaborating with Japanese and Iranian colleagues on social studies education and lesson study. He has spoken at conferences on citizenship education and historical and sociological analysis of school textbooks in Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, New Zealand, France, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Hungary,  Belgium, Italy and the United States. From 2001 - 2006 he was editor of Citizenship, Social and Economic Education.

Professor Crawford has examined postgraduate theses at Bath Spa University, UK, London Institute of Education, UK, Wollongong University, Sydney University and the University of Western Australia; he currently serves on the Editorial Advisory Boards of Citizenship, Social and Economic Education; International Association for Research into Textbooks and Educational Media: an E journal; the Journal of International Social Studies; The Journal of Social Studies Research andThe Social Educator. Professor Crawford has also acted as a book and manuscript reviewer for Oxford University Press; Open University Press; Sage Publications; Berghahn Press; David Fulton Publishers; Educational Research and theOxford Review of Education.


Year Link Citation
2013 Constructing Aboriginal Australians, 1930-1960: projecting false memories, Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society, Volume 5, Issue 1
2012   Education, Ethics and Religion: a case study, Citizenship, Social and Economic Education, Vol. 11 (2), 121-132
2011   Books vs. the book: the 1974 Kanawha County Textbook Controversy, IARTEM e-journal, 4(1), 52-73
2010   Schooling, Citizenship and the Myth of the Meritocracy, Citizenship, Social and Economic Education, Vol. 9 (1), 3-13
2010   Active citizenship education and critical pedagogy", in Lovat, T, Toomey, R and Clement, N (editors), International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Wellbeing, Springer, Dordrecht
2009   When the English Began to Hate: the manufacture of German demonisation in British school history textbooks, 1900-1930" History Education Review, Volume 38, No.1
2009   Still Discovering Democracy?, The Social Educator, Vol. 27, No.3, 20-28
2008   A Vicious and Barbarous Enemy:  Germans and Germany in British History Textbooks, 1930-1960, Internationale Schulbuchforschung, Volume 30, Issue 1
2007   World War Two in History Textbooks: international themes and issues, Greenwich, CT, Information Age Publishers (with Dr Stuart Foster)
2007   The Nanjing Massacre: Official remembrance and history textbooks in the People's Republic of China, (with Shen Jingjing) Volume 1 Number 1, IARTEM e-Journal, 1(1)
2006   Lesson Study: international perspectives on policy and practice, Educational Science Publishing House, Beijing (editor with Professor Mohammad Sakar Arani and Professor Masami Matoba)
2006   What Shall We Tell the Children: international perspectives on school history textbooks, Greenwich, CT, Information Age Publishers, (editor with Dr Stuart Foster).
2006   The Political Economy of History Textbook Publishing in the UK, in Nicholls, J(ed) School History Textbooks Across cultures: international debates and perspectives, Oxford Studies in Comparative Education series, Symposium Books, Oxford, pp. 93-105, 2006, with Stuart Foster.
2005   Responsible Citizens? UK primary school children's views of Germans and Germany, Citizenship, Social and Economic Education: an international journal, Vol. 6, No.3.
2004   "The Social construction of a Curriculum for Citizenship Education in the United Kingdom, with David Landrum in White, C., Openshaw, R and Keller, P, Democracy at the Crossroads: international perspectives on critical global citizenship education, Lanham MD, Lexington Books.
2004   Culture Wars: Serbian History Textbooks and the Construction of National Identity, International Journal of Historical Teaching, Learning and Research, Spring.
2004   Teaching History in Serbia and the UK: a comparison", International Journal of Historical Teaching, Learning and Research, with Mariana Mircovic.
2003   An Introduction to Contemporary Issues in Education, Dereham, Peter Francis, 2003 (editor).
2003   Culture Wars: Japanese History Textbooks and the Construction of Official Memory, Paradigm, Vol. 2, No.4.
2003   The Manufacture of Official Knowledge: the Texas textbook adoption process, Internationale Schulbuchforschung, No. 26, No.1/2.
2003   The Bombing of Hiroshima: a cross-cultural comparison of Japanese and USA History Textbooks, Asia Pacific Education Review, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 108-117.
2003   Presenting the Past, Shaping the Future: the discourse of historical interpretation in Japanese and American history textbooks, Pacific-Asian Education, Vol. 15, No. 1, with Satchiko Matsui.
2003   The School Curriculum, An Introduction to Contemporary Issues in Education, Dereham, Peter Francis.
2002   European Identity and Citizenship Education: charting the territory, New Zealand Journal of Social Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 4-12.
2002   Citizenship Education in the UK and Romania: a cross-cultural comparison, York Publishing, York, with, Rob Foster and Katherine Straker.
2001   Constructing National Memory: UK school history textbook representations of the 1940-1941 'Blitz'", Internationale Schulbuchforschung, No. 24.
2001   Education for citizenship in Romania and the UK - a comparison, in Children's Social and Economic Education, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2001, with Rob Foster.
2000   L'Europa nei libri di testo di storia del Regno Unito: insegamento e apprendimento, in L'Immagine Dell "Europa nei libri di testo scolastici Prospettive per un' idea d'Europa, Turin, Fondazione Giovanni, Angelli.
2000   National Identity: A question of choice?, Children's Social and Economic Education, Vol. 4, No. 3.
2000   The Politics of Textual Inclusion and Exclusion, Educational Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1.
2000   The Political Construction of the 'Whole Curriculum', British Educational Research Journal, 26: 615-630.
2000   History Textbooks and the construction of National Memory: a Comparative analysis of teaching the Second World War, Curriculum, Vol. 21, No. 1.
2000   Researching the Ideological and Political Role of the History Textbook - Issues and Methods, International Journal of History Learning, Teaching and Research, Vol. 1, No. 1.
1998   The Teaching and Learning of Primary History, Teaching History, January.
1998   The Social Construction of the National Curriculum: a political and ideological analysis, Research Papers in Education, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 261-276.
1996   A History of the right: the battle for National Curriculum History 1989-1994, British Journal of Educational Studies, Vol. 43, No. 41, 12-24.
1996   Packaging the Past: the primary history curriculum and how to teach it, Curriculum Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4.
1996   Learning About the Past: From too Many targets to None at All, Education 3-13, Vol. 25, No. 2.
1996   Locating Neo-Conservative Discourse on Culture and Nationhood in English Education, Children's Social and Economic Education, Vol. 1, No. 3.
1995   Citizenship in the Primary Curriculum, In Ahier J and Ross A (Eds), The Social Subjects Within the Curriculum, London, Falmer Press.
1994   Interpreting the Vikings, Primary History, Issue No. 7.
1994   Back to A Basic Past: History in the Primary Curriculum, Teaching History, No. 75.
1994   Primary Children's Perspectives on the World of Work: a cross-cultural comparison, British Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 7, No. 1.
1992   Delivering the History curriculum, Teaching History, No. 69, with Graham Rogers.
1992   Primary Children's Friendship Groupings, Primary Teaching Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1.
1992   Beyond the Numbers: Exploring Primary Children's Economic and Industrial Understanding, In Hutchings M and Wade W, Developing Economic and Industrial Understanding in the Primary School, London, PNL Press.
1991   Power in Primary Classrooms, Primary Teaching Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1.
1991   Setting Targets: developing perspectives in staff development, British Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1991, with Anne Proctor.
1990   Economic and Industrial Understanding in the Primary Curriculum, Business Education Today, January 1990.